In ancient times, gardens had to provide edible fruits and shade-giving trees. Coming to present times, gardens became to play more and more the recreational function. This tendency is seen already in Renaissance gardens, which could be called as a pure pleasure and entertainment.
Each period and part of the world created its own style how to compose the same building materials - living ones i.e. the plants - trees, shrubs, flowers, lawns and non-living ones like rocks, stones or different types of surface (sand, grave).
Each garden composition consists also of artificial elements - architectural ones in forms of benches, gazebos, fences, lanterns, stairs, sculptures and many others. There are gardens where the focus is put on these architectural elements, while in others the dominant role is played by plants.
This site is not a guide through the history of the art of gardening.
It is also not a guide through all historical gardens.
It is not even a guide of the most important ones.
It is just a presentation of a few of wonderful historical gardens, which I have visited in the past, some of them quite a long time ago and therefore the photos of them are not of the best quality. Some pictures are taken during worse weather or even rain. But the rain is also necessary for living beings like plants and gardens in rain have their own charm.