The most famous garden in France was created by Andre le Notre in XVII century (starting from 1610).
First of all, Versailles is a typical Baroque garden (at present called as French style), having all essential parts of this layout: flower parterres, bosquets and water canal creating the basic axis of the garden.
are located closely to the main palace, providing an abundances of different colorful flowers. The bosquets
are attached to the parterres and consist of typical high walls of trees and hedges. In the past, this part of the garden played an important social role, being a place of meetings and common walks.
It is worth also to mention about the Versailles Orangery
, designed by Louis Le Vau, as a place where orange trees were kept during cold months.
Of course, splendid Baroque gardens could not exist without water arrangements. Beside Grand Canal, there are a lot of bigger and smaller fountains and basins. The most famous fontains are the Neptune fountain
and the Apollo fountain
The cross-shaped Grand Canal
(of a length of 1,500 meters and a width of 62 meters) is the main axis of the garden but also due to fact, that it was situated at a low point in the gardens, it had a function of collecting water from the fountains in the garden.
But even the pomp and glitter of great Versailles tired finally its owners, so in the course of time the other parts of gardens were built, attached to the "main" Versailles:
- Grand Trianon with garden - erected in 1670 by Louis XIV to escape the rigid formality of court life with his mistress Madame de Montespan,
- Petit Trianon and finally the garden of Marie-Antoinette, the last one already in XVIII century, in much different and more romantic style.
The photos on this site are published with the permission of the Chateau de Versailles.